Historic Introduction

By Teodoro Diaz Fabelo.
Translated by Africanias.

The black africans are presents in the Iberic Peninsula during the Muslim, arabs, and Moorish kingdoms. Into the second middle of XV century the portuguese first and the spaniards later, introducing black peoples of the Atlantic coast in Portugal, Spain and Canaria. Also selling them to other places of occidental Europe as selling to the "guanches", the primitives black habitants of the Fortunate Islands.

Remember that the iberos primitives habitants of Spain were black europeans meanwhile the "capsienses"were what we call today "mulatos". To the respect, see The Iberic Tragedy by Gonzalo de Reparaz, and The primitive population of Spain by Boch Gimpera.

France, Italy, Greece, the Minor Asia, Egypt and India have black populating. But now we are interesting in the black africans that since the XV century they began to be slaves of the portuguese and the spaniards, follow by englands, frenchs and hollands.

From Spain they brought to the Spaniola and Cuba the first black african slaves. Into the first journey of discovery of The Admiral of The Ocean Sea, Rodrigo de Triana came and into the second journey, a black nurse of The Admiral, upon note of the Dr. Fernando Ortiz in The Black Slaves. By other part, there is evidence of that to the conquer of Cuba and Mexico, the spaniards brought black sly, because the number of the contingents is much mayor that the names reported.

Since 1511 there is notes of black peoples in the Spaniola. Progressively, through the XVI century the black slaves was brought to the colonial possessions of the europeans into America. Those Africans people were trade by portuguese in the first half of XVI century, after intervening the englands, frenchs, hollands and spaniards.

The slaves proceed of the Atlantic coast of Africa, from Mauritania and "guanches" in which were taken to the Iberic Peninsula and from there to other places of Europe. Meanwhile the portuguese penetrate into the Congo, Angola and Mozambique carry slaves that transporting to the markets of America; same making the englands with the ashanti, guassa, araraes and yorubas. Those peoples slavery carry his cultures and for this we say that the Palo Monte, the Voodoo and Osha entering to America since the XVI century.
"All the colonial society rest in Venezuela over the powerful backs of the african and his descendants", note Miguel Acosta Saignes. Notwithstanding into the scholar texts this true are not recognized or outstanding.

"In 1519 were concedes various licences to introduce slaves into The Spaniola, where some of them arrive since the first years of the XVI century. Upon Ferrer de Couto, into 1505 were transported there 17 black slaves and more than hundred in the follow five years". A Royal Order of the 5 of may of 1526 say: "By regard I'm informed that to cause of to carry black sly of those my realms to the Spaniola Island, the worse than and the bad costumes that find it, because here would not wanted to be serve with them and impose and counsel to other black gentle that are pacific and obedient to the service of his owners in the island, has being intend and prove a lot of times of lifting and go to the mounts and make other crimes"...etc.

"Was ordered into the second third of the XVI century, that not to abandon it the corpses of the black slaves drowned in the catch of pearls in Margarita... to impede the fatten of sharks". To those date were transported much canaries to Venezuela".

Since 1516 Charles V transfer to a group of flemish the right of to import to the american colonies four thousand slaves yearly" meanwhile to all the spanish America come only 360 spaniards; and this was the yearly primate during the colony.

To more information about the slavery and the african population of Venezuela see the great book titled Vida de los esclavos negros en Venezuela by Miguel Acosta Saignes, Caracas 1967.

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